Introduction of Terrorism
Terrorism attempts to take refuge in the posturing of philosophical, political, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature.
The intimidation of terrorism has become a worldwide concern with several parts of the world reeling under frequent terrorist strikes. With little fear for human lives, terrorists continue to strike with dispensation, leaving a trail of destruction and damage, wherever they choose to inflict their blows.
You can choose any of them as per your need:
Terrorism has emerged as a significant threat to the unity and integrity of India. The driving forces of dread try to accomplish their destinations by making an atmosphere of fear to destabilize India. There have been a few dread assaults in India, bringing about egregious loss of lives and properties.
The significant regions affected by terrorist activities in India include Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India.
HISTORY OF TERRORISM:
Terrorism became an essential feature of European politics during and after the French Revolution as different political groups comprising anarchists, nationalists, and social revolutionaries practiced assassinations, bombings and various forms of violent seizure and destruction of property.Terrorism is not a recent phenomenon. The Thugs in India used it for many centuries against innocent travelers to appease the bloodthirsty goddess, Kali.
Terrorism has become the most critical evil in our worlds today. It perpetrated by fanatics who are utterly indifferent to the sanctity of human life. Despite the fact that the global group proceeds isolated an all inclusive meaning of what is implied by fear mongering, yet it stays focused on going up against it through an assortment of means.In the current circumstance, the psychological oppression being effectively handled by the United States and its partners who have proclaimed War on Terrorism.
The adage that “one man’s terrorist is another freedom fighter” reveals the full range of variations in its interpretation but, if merely stated, terror is extreme or intense fear.
This is a dangerous matter of continually changing the world in which we have to keep our heads straight to know what is terrorism and what is not. But most importantly to understand what causes it and how to stop it. The present terrorism scenario is very closely related to Islam.
The matter of terrorism is complicated. The terrorist of yesterday is the hero of today and the hero of yesterday is the terrorist of today.
THE RISE OF TERRORISM:
1.)Kidnapping: Terrorists’ favourite weapon
Kidnapping has become favorite tactic manipulated by terrorist groups whether they are religious or non-religious for ransom. They have attempted to make others agree to their demands through baby-snatching.
2.) Funding of Terrorism
Sometimes, terrorists resort to blackmail and payoff payments for releasing hostages and collect contributions — voluntary or forced — from the people living in the area where they operate. Narcotics smuggling is another source of funding for terrorist organizations, and they use informal hawala channel to transmit funds.Terrorist groups are in India receive funding from various sources such as Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI); Mafia operated by Dawood Ibrahim who excises from Karachi, Pakistan.
The Terror Process:
I. Seizing attention: shock, horror, fear, or disgust: It is assuredly the most straightforward stage. The thirst for order and security motivates societies to establish conventions and boundaries to coordinate violent coercion: when these transgressed, the shock produced.
II. Getting the message: what do terrorists want: Instead, they preferred more abstract explanations of the attacks rooted in envy or hostility towards American prosperity and democracy.
All-terrorist groups rush to claim responsibility for their actions, or if they do so, deliver a coherent rationale or demand. When terrorist attacks – like 9/11 attacks – it is up to the onlookers to fill in the blanks.
III. Fight or flight? – The response: The people who are most likely to be intimidated or alarmed are the people who in most political structures are outside the decision-making sphere.
Strategies of Terror:
Their Proposal of two basic varieties: enforcement and agitational terror.
The function of the enforcement terror is likely to be limited, aimed at protecting the security of the independent organization by preventing the public from giving information to the security forces. To Fulfilled their requirements in this, the team needs a sufficiently extensive surveillance system to persuade people that assisting the authorities will be detected: most terrorist groups are just too small for this. Agitational terror is likely to grasp at much great, longer-term goals: the revolution of some kind or ‘national liberation.’ Some of these goals are more feasible than others.
Terrorist action may be assistant -one element of a more extensive military or guerilla strategy; it may confine to limited goals, or it may be absolute – the pursuit of political aims through the systematic use of terror alone. It is this perfect, independent terror strategy, rather than terrorist action per se, that should rightly be labeled terrorism.
Terrorism & War:
Terrorists have struck time and again in India. Some of such incidents are as follows:
• 1985 bombing of an Air India flight from Canada to India, killing all 329 people on board.
• 1993 Mumbai bomb blasts, which killed about 250 civilians.
• 2001 Attack on Indian Parliament on 13 December 2001, in which nine policemen and parliament staff died, besides all five terrorists whose named as Pakistani nationals.
• 2005 Delhi bombings on 29 October 2005, which killed more than 60 people and injured at least 200 others.
• 2006 Varanasi bomb blast in which 15 people were reported to have been dead and as many as 101 were wounded.
• 2006 Mumbai attack, when two of the prime hotels, a landmark train station, and a Jewish Chabad house, in South Mumbai, were attacked and sieged.
• 2007 Hyderabad bombings, where two bombs exploded almost simultaneously on 25 August 2007.
• 2007 Mecca Masjid bomb blast in Hyderabad which left 15 people died.
• 2008 Bangalore serial blasts in which two people killed and 20 injured.
• 2010 Varanasi bomb impact on 7 December 2010 that killed a baby, and set off a charge in which 20 individuals, including four foreigners, were injured.
• 2011 High Court bombing on Wednesday, 7 September 2011 at outside Gate No. 5 of the Delhi High Court, killing 12 people and wounding 76 others.
• 2013 Terrorist aggregate assault in Darbha, Chhattisgarh, which executed 28 individuals.
• 2015 Gurdaspur assault in Dina Nagar, Gurdaspur, Punjab, murdering ten individuals.
• 2016 attack at Pathankot Air Force Station, killing seven people.
• 2016 Pampore attack, claiming eight lives.
• 2016 Uri attack that left 20 dead.
• 2016 Baramulla and 2016 Handwara attack at Rashtriya Riffles Camp.
Our Strength against Terrorism in India :
National Intelligence Wings: The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), an external intelligence agency under the Cabinet Secretariat; Among them, mention made of Intelligence Bureau, an internal intelligence agency under the Ministry of Home Affairs; the Defense Intelligence, and the intelligence directorate generals of the armed forces.
Security agencies: Then we have the Special Protection Group (SPG), which is responsible for the security of the prime minister and former prime ministers.
We have the Central Industrial Security Force, which is in charge of security at airplane terminals and touchy foundations, and the National Security Guards, an exceptionally prepared power, they can settle the issue for us by hijacking, prisoner taking, and so on.
Paramilitary forces: Not to be left behind, forces such as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the Border Security Force (BSF), assist the police in counter-terrorism operations in times of need.
Army: Army plays a vital role in our Indian Force. Indian Army has a permanent position in J&K, which is bearing the brunt of large-scale infiltration from Pakistan and the presence of divisive elements within the troubled state.
Terrorism poses a deadly threat to the unity and integrity of the nation. Many political parties need to rise above their partisan lines to give a befitting reply to terrorists and their masterminds operating from across the borders. Terrorist activities have incredibly adverse implications for any country, India being no exception. The society, media, and political parties must make it a standard cause to fight the menace of terrorism in a cohesive and united spirit.
India has to prove that there is not an even country which is not affected by terrorism but a capable nation with zero tolerance to any terrorist activities carried out by the enemies of the country. We have to show to the world that we are not a soft state in dealing with any terrorist strikes on our soil.